Paper Guidelines

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The Editors welcome preliminary inquiries about manuscripts for possible publication. Manuscripts should be prepared according to the following style rules (deviations from these rules can cause publication delays).

    1. Content, Length, and Formatting:

It is the author’s responsibility to make the submitted paper readable, relevant, and interesting, before submission and consideration by referees.

    1. Length:

There is no standard fixed length for articles, but a 15 – 20 A4 pages, with 12-fonts and 1.5-line space article would suffice. The total word count of the manuscript should be between 5000 – 8000 words. This page limit includes all parts of the paper: title, abstract, body, bibliography, appendices and tables.

    1. Abstract:

An abstract not exceeding 250 words comprising the following is required in the following format: Author’s name (s) and affiliation

      • Email address
      • Title and abstract content

The abstract content should clearly state:

      • Research questions and/or objectives
      • Methodology
      • Scope of investigation/findings
      • Originality of research
    1. Full paper:
      • A4 size paper
      • Margins must be 1 inch on all sides
      • Font size 12 Times New Roman (body text)
      • Title, subtitles, abstract and references single-spaced; body text 1½ – line spaced
      • Referencing, graphics & tables will be considered in the total page count
      • Do not include page numbers, header & footer
      • Maximum 15 – 20 pages. The total word count of the manuscript should be between 5000 – 8000 words
      • Other formatting details see next section
    2. Tables and Figures:
      • All unessential tables and figures should be eliminated
      • Tables must be submitted in Microsoft Word table format and should be created using Times New Roman text, 10 point size. APA-style provided elsewhere must be preferred
      • Figures must be clearly produced in black and white. All text included in figures should be Times New Roman (10 point minimum).
      • Each table and figure should fit on a single page. Tables and figures may be oriented horizontally (landscape) or vertically (portrait) within the allotted space
      • Each table and figure should be submitted on a separate sheet and identified with a table or figure number and a descriptive title
      • Legends and titles on tables and figures must be sufficiently descriptive such that they are understandable without reference to the text
      • For data not generated by the author(s), the source of the data should be given (in short form) below the table or figure and listed in full in the references
      • Every table and figure must be referred to in the text. Each table and figure will appear in the Journal after its first mention in the text
    3. Footnotes and References:
      • Footnotes material should be incorporated into the text whenever possible. If footnotes are necessary, the note number should be typed in the text and superscripted. The notes should be collected at the end of the text as endnotes
      • References should be (a) integrated into the text in short form and (b) collected together at the end of the article. APA format needs to be followed
        • In-text, citations should be placed in parentheses and noted as follows:
          For book or academic journal – (last name of author[s], date); such as: (Hill, 1988); (Beatty, 1989; Feltham, et al. 1991; Leland & Pyle, 1977).
        • If no author, cite Journal, institution, or publisher. For works with three or more authors, list the first author followed by “et al.” as shown above. For multiple citations, alphabetize citations by first author’s last name
      • The full bibliographic information in the references should be composed as follows
      • For book – author[s]. year. book title. edition number [if applicable]. location: publisher
      • Such as: Yin, R.K. (2003). Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 3rd Edition. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, Inc.

For edited volume—editor[s] (ed[s].). year. book title. edition number [if applicable]. location: publisher.

Such as: Nelson, R.R.(ed.).(1993). National Systems of Innovations: A Comparative Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

For chapter in edited volume – author[s]. year. “chapter title.” in editor[s] (ed[s].). the book title, pp. Chapter page numbers. Location: publisher.

Such as: Groenewegen, John and Jack Vromen (1997). “Theory of the firm revisited: New and neo-institutional perspectives.” In Lars Magnusson and Jan Ottosson (eds.) Evolutionary Economics and Path Dependence, pp. 33-56. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

For an article in the academic Journal – author. Year. “article title.” journal-title. Volume number (issue number): page numbers.

Such as Black, J.S., Gregersen, H.B. & Mendenhall, M.E. (1992). “Toward a Theoretical Framework of Repatriation Adjustment.” Journal of International Business Studies 23 (4): 737-760.

The author(s) should make sure that there is a strict one-to-one correspondence between the in-text citations (including citations in footnotes, tables, and figures) and the list of references in the References.

    1. Copy Preparation:

JBERJ accepts manuscripts via the internet or post or Email. All hard-copy submissions must be accompanied by a disk or CD containing an electronic version of the manuscript. The manuscript should be prepared using a recent version of Microsoft Word and should utilize standard fonts and symbols. Ideally, such a manuscript should be formatted concerning the following guidelines:

    • Do not use tabs except in tables
    • Do not indent block quotations
    • Do not hyphenate or otherwise break words across lines
    • Use headings sparingly and logically. Do not use more than three levels of headings. Use consistent formatting for each heading level employed
    • Copyright Transfer
      • Submission of a paper will be held to imply that it contains original, unpublished work and is not being submitted for publication elsewhere
      • Submission of a paper also implies that upon acceptance of an article by the Journal, the author(s) will transfer the copyright of the article to the publisher. The transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information
      • It is understood that submission of the paper for publication has been approved by all of the authors and by the institution where the work was carried out; it is further understood that any person cited as a source of personal communications has approved such citation
    • Miscellaneous:
      • Papers must be in English. Use American spelling instead of British (e.g., labor, not labor). Use the American terms such as billion (one billion = 1,000,000,000; one trillion = 1,000,000,000,000), rather than lakhs and crores
      • Spell out all numbers from one to ninety-nine, unless
        • The number contains a decimal point, e.g., “6.2” and “0.12”
        • The number precedes a percent sign or a unit of measure, e.g., “47%” and “16µm.”
        • Italicize and define non-English words at their first occurrence; at subsequent occurrences, format the word in roman (no italicized) type
        • A short abstract of the paper should always be included with the submission
        • Please keep a copy of everything sent to JBERJ, both hard copy and electronic copy, and bear in mind that the electronic version received at JBERJ will be considered the master copy. The Editors do not accept responsibility for damage to or loss of submitted papers or electronic media
        • A short note listing each author’s institutional affiliation, current address, telephone numbers, email address, and other relevant biographical information, including publications and a photograph should be provided
        • Any manuscript that does not conform to the above instructions may be returned for the necessary revision before publication
        • Each author is entitled to one copy of the issue in which his or her article appears

Note: The editor reserves the right to amend, abridge or otherwise alter the contents of the paper to make it suitable for publication. However, every endeavour will be made not to affect the spirit or effectiveness of the paper