[vc_row el_class=”inner-body-content” css=”.vc_custom_1667822214092{padding-top: 30px !important;padding-bottom: 20px !important;}”][vc_column][vc_custom_heading text=”COURSE OBJECTIVES” use_theme_fonts=”yes” css=”.vc_custom_1667822164139{margin-top: 0px !important;}”][vc_column_text]

• To understand fundamentals of fluid mechanics.

• To enhance skills of utilizing fluid mechanics for civil engineering applications.[/vc_column_text][vc_custom_heading text=”COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES (CLO)” font_container=”tag:h3|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][vc_column_text]**CLO: 1.** To explain the basic concepts of fluid statics, kinematics and hydrodynamics and to solve the steady flow problems.

**CLO: 2.** To analyze the forces on immersed bodies, different forms of energy in flowing fluids and to uniform flow in open channel.

**CLO: 3.** To clarify the basic concepts of the fluid statics, kinematics and hydrodynamics.

**CLO: 4.** To perform computer aided analysis of pipe networks using software (MS Excel/EPANET)

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**Introduction**- Solids and fluids (liquids and gases)
- Units and dimensions
- Physical properties of fluids; density, specific weight, specific volume, specific gravity, surface tension, compressibility
- Viscosity and its measurement
- Newton’s equation of viscosity
- Hydrostatics
- Kinematics
- Hydrodynamics
- Hydraulics

**Fluid Statics**- Pressure intensity and pressure head
- Pressure and specific weight relationship
- Absolute and gauge pressure
- Measurement of pressure
- Piezometer, manometer
- Pressure transducers
- Differential manometer and Borden gauge

**Fluid Kinematics**- Steady and unsteady flow
- Laminar and turbulent flow
- Uniform and non-uniform flow
- Pathline streamlines and stream tubes
- Velocity and discharge
- Control volume
- Equation of continuity for compressible and incompressible fluids

**Forces on Immersed Bodies**- Forces on submerged planes & curved surfaces and their applications
- Drag and lift forces, buoyancy and floatation
- Equilibrium of floating and submerged bodies

**Hydrodynamics**- Different forms of energy in a flowing liquid
- Bernoulli’s equation and its application
- Energy line and Hydraulic Gradient Line
- Introduction to density currents, free and forced vortex
- Forces on pressure conduits, reducers and bends, stationary and moving blades
- Torques in rotating machines

**Flow Measurement**- Orifices and mouthpieces, sharp-crested weirs and notches
- Pitot tube and pitot static tube
- Venturimeter, velocity methods

**Steady Flow through Pipes**- Darcy-Weisbach equation for flow in pipes
- General equation for friction
- Velocity profile in circular pipes
- Laminar and turbulent flow in circular pipes, semi empirical theories of turbulence
- Pipe roughness, Nukuradse’s experiments
- Implicit and Explicit Equations for Pipe Friction Factor
- Moody’s diagrams
- Pipe flow problems
- Minor losses

**Pipe Networks**- Pipes in series and parallel
- Branching pipes
- Pipe networks
- Hardy Cross Method

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